Ernst Korner (1888-1966) was born in Czechoslovakia and studied architecture in Vienna. He then worked in Sweden and Prague before establishing a successful practice in the city of Ostrava, in the north-east of Czechoslovakia. In 1928 Korner designed the Rix department store in Ostrava, a radical design following strict functionalist principles. With strong white horizontal elements and an open facade with glazed window bands, it demonstrated his confident use of the modernist architectural vocabulary. The Rix department store was badly damaged in an air raid in 1944, and after the war it was demolished.
In 1939, aged 51, Korner fled his Nazi-occupied homeland, emigrating to Australia with his wife and two sons. In Sydney, Korner established a design firm with his brother-in-law Hungarian Kurt Singer. The pair were only able to complete three projects, including Korner’s own ‘white-box’ modernist house in Cremorne (1940), before wartime restrictions on building halted their practice. When building works recommenced around 1948, Korner, now aged in his sixties, did not resume his practice, his career all but ended by the disruption of the war years. Unknown in Australia, his work continues to be celebrated in the Czech Republic.
Further Reading: Ostrava Architecture Guide, Martin Strakoš, 2009
Below; Korner’s own home in the Sydney suburb of Cremorne, designed in 1940.